The function of the kidneys is to filter the blood, removing extra fluids and waste. Each day your blood, approximately 120 – 150-quats are filtered by your two kidneys, whilst round about 1-2-quarts urine are produced. The urine passes through the ureters, which are two narrow muscle tubes, from our kidneys to the bladder. The ureters are positioned on the bladder one on every side. The bladder is the storage unit for urine. The bladder’s muscle walls will remain in a relaxed state while it is filling up with urine.
When the bladder is filled to its capacity, signals are sent to our brain which notifies the individual to go to the toilet. When urinating, urine passes from the body via the urethra, a tube situated at the bladder’s bottom. In women the urethra is shorter in comparison with men where it is longer.
What are Kidneys and their Importance
The kidneys consist of two organs shaped like a bean and are approximately a fist’s size. They are positioned just beneath our rib-cage one on every side of our spine.
The kidneys have an important function, keeping the combination of our blood in a stable condition to enable the body to function. Their function includes:
- The prevention of extra fluid and waste products to build-up in our body
- Keeping electrolyte-levels stable, like phosphate, potassium and sodium.
- Produce hormones to assist with:
- The production of red blood-cells
- Regulating our blood pressure
- Keeping our bones strong
How our Kidneys Work
Each of our kidneys consists of approximately one-million nephrons, tiny filtering units. A small quantity of blood is filtered by each nephron. However, the nephron incorporates a filter, named the glomerulus & tubule. These nephrons operate using a two-step procedure. Waste and fluid products flow through the glomerulus, whilst blood cells and large molecules, usually proteins are prevented to pass. Now this filtered fluid flows via the tubule that sends the necessary minerals back into our bloodstream and the waste is removed. Urine is the final product
What are the Differences Between Healthy and Infected Kidneys?
Kidney infection symptoms include: the need to urinate frequently, the urine burns, blood is visible in your urine and it looks cloudy.
The symptoms of kidney and bladder infections are very alike therefore it is important to know the difference.
The pain experienced with bladder infections are usually not something anyone want to struggle with. However such infections are generally not described as a hazard to one’s all-inclusive health.
The symptoms of kidney infection are frequently significantly similar to that experienced with bladder infection. However, kidney infection poses a hazard to your health and can be fatal. Pregnant women who have kidney infections should take great caution as it is bad for the future mother and the unborn baby. It also increases the risk of a pre-mature birth.
The Symptoms of Kidney Infection
The symptoms of kidney infection involve painful urination, foul-smelling urine and a tint of blood visible in the urine. These symptoms are usually the same with infection of the bladder. Actually urination is more painful with infection of the kidneys, compared to infection of the bladder.
These above-mentioned symptoms that are almost similar with these two types of infections and it is often difficult for individuals to determine the difference. However, with kidney infection, below mentioned symptoms can assist to distinguish the difference between the infections.
- Pain in the side or lower back area
- No appetite
The symptoms present with kidney infection are frequently mistaken for flu or bladder infection. Therefore you should be cautious if you have many of such symptoms. Often kidney infections can appear without the general bladder infection-symptoms.
Consult a medical professional immediately who can diagnose whether it is a kidney infection and it is important to get treatment for infection of the bladder too, to protect your kidneys.
How Kidney Infections Occur
The urethra, the bladder, the kidneys & ureters form the urinary system. Therefore, with the occurrence of an infection in one of the above areas, it is possible that it can move to the adjacent sections of our urinary system.
Bladder infections occur more frequently compared to kidney infections because the bladder are positioned closer to the hole through which one urinates. This body-entrance makes the bladder more prone for fungi and bacteria to enter and cause infection.
Frequently when a bladder infection is not resolved or treated, it can result in kidney infections in cases where such an infection has moved upwards and cause worse damage.
The Importance of Instant Treatment of Bladder Infection
Unresolved bladder infections can leave the body’s entire urinary system more vulnerable to a severe kidney infection. Due to the fact that it is difficult to determine which of the two types of infections you have, the importance to treat such a condition can’t be emphasized enough.
Antibiotics are an effective solution to a bladder infection. However, to use antibiotics too frequently can be a problem.
It is advisable to use some natural treatments in the case of bladder infections. There are many safe and natural alternatives which can be used to treat bladder infections and is worthwhile to try it.
Kidney Stones: Why Passing Kidney Stones are Sensitive
Looking at the structure of the urinary system and how urine passes through our ureters, from our kidneys to the bladder, it is understandable that with the passing of kidney stones excruciating pain is experienced as these solidified masses cause an obstruction to the flowing of urine.
These kidney stones are formed because of existing imbalances between the water, uric acid, phosphate and calcium oxylate in the urine.
That it is why you should take good care of the health of your kidneys as far as humanly possible.
Some Tips to Prevent the Formation of Kidney Stones
- Drink ample fluids, mostly water and it is advisable to drink 8 glasses or more on a daily basis. This will assist in flushing out the oxalates or insoluble salts from the renal system.
- Follow an eating plan which does not contain too much protein which can lead to an increased level of calcium in your urine.
- Avoid an intake of excessive amounts of sugar. Large quantities of sugar can contribute towards the forming of calcium-oxalate kidney stones.
- Reduce your intake of foods which are rich in oxalate. Such food include: Swiss chard, rhubarb, okra, beets, nuts, sweet potatoes, soy products, chocolate and tea.
- Follow a diet with low levels of animal protein and salt. Opt for sources like legumes. It is advisable to use a substitute for salt.
- Eat foods rich in calcium, but be cautious to use calcium supplements.