Unfortunately, up till now medical scientists are not sure about kidney cancer’s specific causes. What they did discover is that kidney tumours start in a process of DNA-mutations similar to other types of cancers. This video below can be of assistance to anyone who suspects a possible kidney tumour.
The DNA-mutations manipulate the cells to divide and grow irregularly which forms tumour cells. Through a process called metastasis, these tumour cells may spread out to other organs of your body. During metastasis secondary malignant tumours can occur away from the cancer’s primary site.
Renal cell carcinoma poses to be the most universal cancer to develop in adults, whilst transitional cell carcinoma can start in your kidneys. However, it actually affects your ureters, causing Wilms tumour the most universal kidney cancer which develops in children.
Although the specific causes could not been isolated; scientists discovered the risks factors which may lead tot developing a kidney tumour.
However, as is the case with other kinds of cancer, cancer of the kidneys starts similarly. Older people, particularly older than 65, have a greater risk to be affected by kidney cancer, whilst smokers have an increased risk to contract kidney cancer compared to non-smokers.
- Risk Factors
- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Suffering from hypertension elevates your risk to develop a kidney tumour. Both Diabetes and Hypertension are severely dangerous and life threatening diseases to patients suffering from kidney disorders.
- Hereditary Aspects
Individuals with a family history of kidney disease can inherit a kidney disease called Ron Hippel-lindau disorder. These patients are more likely to develop various types of tumours which include a kidney tumour.
Exceptionally overweight or obese individuals are more prone to develop a kidney tumour.
- Kidney Failure
Although it’s not clear, kidney failure is also suspected to be a cause of a kidney tumour. People who undergo kidney dialysis when suffering from kidney failure or renal incompetence have a greater risk to develop kidney cancer.
According to statistics, it is deemed as men/ males are more likely to develop papillary renal-cell carcinoma (a kidney cancer) which is a hereditary disorder, than women.
- Non-medical Risks
Some factors not related to medical factors can be the cause of a kidney tumour. These environmental elements include chemicals like cadmium and asbestos. According to research, employees who are exposed to these chemicals have a greater risk to develop kidney cancer when compared to the general population.
- Kidney Tumours: Symptoms
Developing kidney tumours cause only a couple of symptoms, up till the point where it advance to a stage when kidney cancer symptoms will start to appear. The most likely symptoms may include: hematuria (blood in the urine) or cloudy and dark urine, fever, back pain below your ribs in your flank area, fatigue, and inexplicable weight loss, nausea, vomiting and struggling to concentrate.
There are different available tests to detect different kinds of kidney disorders as well as kidney cancer. Popular tools include: MRI & Ct scans and ultrasound which produce images of your kidneys.
When you are observing above-mentioned symptoms it is advisable to consult with your doctor immediately. Tests will be conducted by your doctor to examine the functioning of your kidneys. As in the case of other cancers, early detection may result in successfully beating the cancer. However, kidney cancer is on the increase. In the USA over 50,000 people are diagnosed with kidney cancer on an annual basis, whilst the death rate is about 12,000 people per year.