Kidney stones treatment can entail a variety of procedures. Smaller stones, which have a diameter of 4mm or less, can be eliminated via your urine and can be treated in the privacy of your home.
Kidney Stones Treatment
Kidney stones cause severe pain. The pain will disappear after the passing of the stone. Your doctor can give you an injection to relieve the pain.
Self care can be conducted and your doctor can tell you to wait up to the stage you pass the kidney stone. Filter the urine through a stocking or strain it, to collect the stone. Drink enough water. Your urine should be either colourless or a very light yellow.
Admission to hospital
When a kidney stone obstructs your ureter, it can cause extreme pain and your doctor may decide to admit you to a hospital for proper treatment.
Large kidney stones e.g. 6 to 7 mm or larger in diameter, may require other treatment procedures, such as
ESWL (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy), involving an ultrasound. Shock waves will break the stone down and the smaller pieces can pass in the urine. Painkilling medication will be administered prior to the procedure.
PCNL (percutaneous nephrolithotomy). A nephroscope (thin telescopic instrument) is inserted via a small incision in your back into the kidney. The stone is broken down by a laser / pneumatic energy into smaller pieces or pulled out. General anaesthetic is required.
Ureteroscopy. An ureteroscope, a thin telescope, will be inserted via the urethra into the bladder. Then it is passed into the ureter to reach the stone, which will be removed gently by the surgeon using another instrument. Laser energy can be used to break it down into smaller pieces, which can flow out via the urine. General anaesthetic is required.
Open surgery is rare nowadays and will only be conducted in cases of abnormal anatomy or a very large kidney stone. An incision in your back will give the surgeon access to the ureter and kidney to remove the stone.
The treating of uric acid stones
Your doctor may tell you to consume about 3-litres of water on a daily basis in an effort to dissolve the tone. This kind of stone is softer compared to the other kinds of kidney stones. With exposure to alkaline fluids they can became smaller. You may require medication causing the urine to be more alkaline, enabling the uric acid stone to begin to dissolve.
Kidney stones treatment will be conducted in accordance with the size of the stone, whilst the doctor will decide on the most suitable kidney stones treatment.