A leading cause to develop kidney disorder and end stage renal disorder (kidney failure) is hypertension (high blood pressure).
High blood pressure can harm the filters and blood vessels inside your kidneys, which can cause difficulty for the kidneys to remove waste materials from your body. When a patient is diagnosed with kidney disease, in its end-phase, a dialysis procedure will be required. The dialyser cleans the bloodstream from all waste and additional fluids. Another more invasive procedure is to undergo a kidney transplant operation.
Kidney Disease: The Symptoms
The following are the symptoms of renal disease:
- The retention of fluid (Oedema)
- Frequent urinating, particularly during the night
- High blood pressure, which worsens
- Difficulty to urinate and a reduction in the quantity of urine.
Individuals at risk to develop kidney disease as a result of Hypertension (high blood pressure)
All races and groups are affected by kidney disease with high blood pressure as the cause. Furthermore, some groups have even a higher risk which includes:
- Native Americans
- African Americans
- Hispanic Americans
- Nationals of Alaska
- Individuals who have a family-history which includes kidney disease and high blood pressure
Kidney Disease: The Diagnosis
Just like high blood pressure, a person may not recognize that he/she has a kidney disorder. However, to determine if your kidneys are functioning effectively to eliminate waste materials from the bloodstream, some laboratory tests can be done.
BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and serum creatinine are the tests to establish the effective functioning of your kidneys. Increased levels of both can point to kidney damage. Another sign indicating renal disease is Proteinuria (excessive amount of protein present in your urine).
Kidney Disease: The Treatment
For people who are suffering from hypertension (high blood pressure & kidney disease, controlling their blood pressure is of utmost importance. This can be achieved by changing their lifestyles.
ARB (angiotensin-II receptor blocker) and ACE inhibitor are medications prescribed for both lowering the blood pressure and as protection against further kidney damage. However, it is important that such treatments should be individualized.
The following measures can be taken to avert kidney damage due to hypertension (high blood pressure).
- Follow an appropriate diet
- Consume the drugs prescribed by your medical practitioner
- Moderate exercising like a 30 minutes walk is advisable