When chronic kidney failure occurs, the kidneys slowly lose their capability in removing excess water and other waste material from your bloodstream. However, there are five stages in developing chronic kidney disease. Kidney failure is a disease which gets worse gradually over a period the time. Furthermore, it is possible that a person can live with this disorder for quite some years without any noticeable symptoms.
This disorder is called renal failure or chronic kidney disease. In the US about two people from every 1,000 will be affected by renal failure. Usually other diseases or conditions cause the dysfunction of your kidneys, for example hypertension (high blood pressure) and Diabetes.
This disorder is incurable, but with an early diagnosis, and the assistance of lifestyle changes as well as medications the progress of the disorder can be slowed down.
- The 5 Stages of Chronic Kidney Failure
There are five stages in chronic kidney failure, which were set by the National Kidney-Foundation in diagnosing the seriousness of the disorder. The level of the Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) forms the basis of the failure stages. This is a measurement determining how fast the kidneys have the ability in cleaning the bloodstream.
The GFR-level of normal and healthy functioning kidneys is 90 millilitres per minute or higher.
- Stage I
During stage I, the kidneys may be damaged but the GFR-level is still normal at 90 millilitres per minute or more.
- Stage II
At stage II, the GFR-level had declined slightly between 60-80 millilitres per minute.
- Stage III
During Stage III, the GFR-level had dropped moderately between 30-59 millilitres per minute.
- Stage IV
During this stage the level of the GFT had declined extremely between 15-20 millilitres per minute.
- Stage V
This stage is the worst case scenario of kidney failure where dialysis is needed, with a reduction of the GFR-level of 15 millilitres per minute, or lesser.
- Symptoms during the Five Stages of Chronic Kidney Failure
During the first two stages it is possible that no symptoms are presented by the patient. However, generally the disorder is diagnosed via laboratory testing which exposed related conditions which include:
abnormal levels of urea or creatinine in bloodstream; high blood pressure; proof of some kidney damage; protein or blood present in urine samples. Usually these conditions are revealed through CT and MRI scans, contrast X-rays and Ultrasound.
During stage III a person can present symptoms of early bone disease or develop anaemia or both.
During stage IV the capability of the kidneys to remove access water and other waste materials efficiently, becomes grave. At this stage a kidney transplant must be done or dialysis treatments.
Stage V is referred to as end-stage kidney disorder or ESRD (end-stage renal disease). Water, toxic substances and wastes accumulated in the body as your kidneys became incapable to clear the bloodstream. Your only hope of survival is either a kidney transplant or dialyses.
Presently, there is no cure for this disorder and generally the majority of cases will continue to the later stages. A kidney transplant or dialyses are needed to live.
Undergoing dialyses will give you a survival rate of 5-years – 32%. Having a kidney transplant you may have a survival rate of 2-years – 90%. This will actually depend on your kidney-donor.
It is advisable to take very good care of your health and to learn about the causes, symptoms and treatment of chronic kidney failure. You should adopt an attitude of prevention is better than cure!