According to research, Diabetes is the principal reason causing chronic kidney disorder. Nephropathy is the final phase of kidney disease. More than 17-million Americans suffer from diabetes, as stated by the disease Control Centres, whilst one third don’t know that they have diabetes.
In almost 45% of people who suffer from chronic kidney disorder, diabetes was the main cause. Damaged kidneys are incapable of effectively filtrate waste and impurities from the blood. Unfortunately, there is no medical remedy for this terrible disease. Dialysis, where a machine filters the bloodstream from waste or a kidney transplant is options. Both the recipient and donor of a kidney will be subjected to major surgery.
After the commencement of diabetes, kidney failure will approximately take a period of five to seven years or even longer before it sets in. The manifestation of both early and later symptoms hints that a patient’s kidneys are deteriorating in its functions. However, efficient therapeutic actions exist to slow down the deterioration and sustain the functions of the kidneys.
Whilst both type I & II patients suffering from diabetes are prone to suffer some kidney disorder or failure, type 1 diabetes is dominant. Type I diabetes’ symptoms can be diagnosed after the commencement of the disease. It is type II diabetes which frequently is not detected for years, due to the fact that early symptoms don’t present it prominently. When it is diagnosed, irreversible damage already took place which increases the patient’s chances to suffer kidney damage.
Overweight as well as obesity are associated with insulin resistance and promote the commencement of type II diabetes. A person with insulin resistance will have persistent high blood sugar which will manifest into diabetes eventually.
The Link between kidney disease and diabetes
Diabetes causes damage to the body’s small blood-vessels. The kidneys become incapable to filter waste from the blood effectively, when its blood-vessels are harmed. The body then retains more salt and water which lead to the swelling of the ankles and increased bodyweight. Protein is contained in your urine and then waste materials begin to build up in your bloodstream.
Diabetes also causes damage to the body’s nerves which result in the difficulty to empty your bladder. The urine stored in your bladder cause pressure, which harm your kidneys. Furthermore, the urine stored inside your bladder results in infection.
The progression of kidney disease
Over a period of time kidney disease will result in kidney failure. In the beginning, small quantities of albumin / protein exude into the urine. This phase of kidney disease is also called macroalbuminuria or overt diabetic-nephropathty. In the following phase, the filtration starts to drop, whilst the body retains different waste materials as the filtration decreases. One waste material is called creatinine. A blood test to establish the creatinine-level will be used to evaluate the kidney function’s decline. Whilst the damage deteriorates, a patient’s blood pressure will rise.
Early symptoms indicating kidney damage
- Albumine present in the urine. It is advisable for diabetics to be tested once a year.
- Increase in blood pressure
- Cramps, swelled ankles and gaining weight
- Persistent urination, specifically at night
Later symptoms indicating kidney damage
- Elevated level of creatinine and BUN in the blood.
- Vomiting, nausea and morning sickness.
- A decreased need for anti-diabetic medicine or insulin, due to the fact that the kidneys are slowing down to break down the insulin.
- Anemia (lower blood-count)
- Paleness, weakness & anemia.
- Losing your appetite, whilst itching, tiredness and muscle cramps increase.
Preventing kidney damage: the possibilities
- Testing of albumin excretion into the urine and blood pressure on an annual basis.
- Control and managing diabetes to decrease the risk of extreme kidney disease.
- Exercise regularly with a 45-minute brisk walking afterwards.
- Sleep at least for 8-hours
- When infections of the urinary tract occur, seek immediate treatment
- Avoid smoking and alcohol
- Reduce your protein-intake
- Avoid pain killers and anti-inflammation medication which can be damaging to the kidneys
- ACE (angio-tension converting enzyme) which is medication prescribed for hypertension (high blood pressure) had been proven to decrease the rate of kidney function deterioration.
- Decrease your consumption of sodium. Vegetables and salt are rich sources of sodium.
When a patient’s kidneys become incapable to filter waste substances from the blood and can’t support healthy functions anymore, it is the final phase of kidney failure. Usually kidney failure will commence in 7-years or even longer.
- Sugar and salt should be avoided.
- Keep your weight in check because overweight & obesity lead to insulin resistance and eventually diabetes type II
- Abstain from smoking and alcohol
- Manage stress levels and try to be as calm as possible
- Follow a nutritious and healthy diet
- Follow a regular exercise regime
- Avoid all fast food and drinks with a high carbohydrate content
- Suggestions for diabetics
The under-mentioned indications can assist to reduce blood sugar:
- Reduce your consumption of carbohydrates and sugar, whilst increasing the consumption of vitamins and fibre.
- Eat smaller portions of food with regular intervals.
- Regular physical exercise, including brisk walking
- Abstain from salt which results in elevating your blood pressure and intensify diabetic problems.
- Drink a bitter melon’s juice on an empty stomach which reduces your blood sugar and assist in controlling diabetes
- Consume magnesium which promotes insulin production
- Take fenugreek together with milk; it controls diabetes and reduces your blood sugar
- The intake of garlic can reduce diabetes.
- Consume powdered jamun-seeds and fruit
- Cereal fibre and spinach can assist to control diabetes.
- To lower blood sugar consume tulsi- and neem leaves after soaking it for 10 minutes in water.
- To control your blood sugar, take vitamin B-complex, zinc and vitamin C.