PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease) is a genetic disorder which is the result of a mutated, abnormal gene inherited from either your mother or father or even both parents. However, there is also a form of polycystic kidneys which is rather rare. This rare form of this disorder is due to old age as well as the pattern of dialysis.
The two types of Polycystic Kidney Diseases
are autosomal dominant PKD and the rarer kind, autosmal recessive PKD.
Autosomal Dominant PKD
Of the approximately seven million patients suffering from PKD worldwide, about 90% are affected from autosomal dominant PKD, which is a life threatening disorder. A baby can inherit such an abnormal gene from only one of his/her affected parents. Should this occur, the child will have a one out of two chances to inherit this gene. Such a child will suffer during his/her middle life to old age from autosomal dominant PKD. This serious disease generally occurs in a later stage of life.
- Autosomal Recessive PKD
This condition is the rarer type of genetic Polycystic Kidney Disease. This kind of PKD occurs during childhood and affects about one out of 20,000 people. To develop this kind of PKD, children have to inherit it from both the parents. This will result in one out of four chances that he/she will suffer from this disorder. However, since the causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease became clear, couples can opt to discuss the probability of their descendants developing this disease, during counselling regarding family planning.
Should you experience some common symptoms of this disease which include: UTI’s (Urinary Tract Infections), lower back- or abdominal pain and hematuria (blood in your urine), consult with your doctor as soon as possible!