Kidney cancer is not easy to detect at an early stage, like most other cancers! The principal treatment is surgery. The survival ratio of kidney cancer patients is approximately 40%. The success rate of the treatment is the best when cancer cells are confined. In the case of preventing it, one has to understand which factors can increase your risk.
Kidney Cancer: The Risk Factors
Your kidneys are rather small but are vital for the healthy functioning of your body. These two bean-shaped organs weigh approximately a ¼ pound (4 to 5 ounces). The kidneys are located in your upper abdominal cavity, whilst attached to the back wall, one kidney on the two sides of your spinal cord. Furthermore, your kidneys are protected by your lower ribcage, like the liver.
It is possible to live with only one kidney, should one fails. When both fail you will need dialysis. The kidneys can be seen as your body’s household manager! Their function is the removal of water, excess salt and other waste products. This is done by filtering these substances from the bloodstream and discards it through the urine.
When your kidneys malfunction, the bloodstream may become toxic which can lead to damaging consequences. Your urine which flows from your kidneys passes through the ureters into the bladder where it is stored until it is disposed of during urination. The kidneys are also responsible for the production of certain substances which assist to form red blood cells and controlling your blood pressure.
The following symptoms will appear when you develop cancer of the kidneys. These symptoms include: sudden lost of weight, hematuria (blood in your urine), lingering back or side pain in your abdomen. An overall feeling of weakness will be experienced.
RCC (renal cell carcinoma) forms the largest percentage of cancerous tumours, over 90%.
- The five main kinds of RCC
- papillary RCC
- clear cell RCC
- 3 minor types
Papillary RCC transpires in ten to fifteen percent of RCC’s, whilst clear cell RCC represent as much as 80% off all RCC’s (renal cell carcinomas). This means 72% of all types of kidney cancers.
Other kinds of cancers which affect the kidneys are renal sarcoma, transitional cell carcinoma and Wilms tumour. Renal sarcoma is a rare type of kidney cancer, whilst transitional cell carcinomas present itself in the renal pelvic area. This is where the ureter and kidney connect and represent about one tenth of the different kidney cancers. Wilms tumour occurs in children exclusively. This involves five to six percent of the various kidney tumours.
- Factors which would increase or invite the risks of kidney cancer
- Men are twice more prone to develop kidney and bladder cancer than women
- Smoking can cause renal or kidney cancer; men who are smokers and smoke 2 packets of cigarettes or more, double their risk in comparison with non-smoking men. Kicking this bad habit does not really help. The results of studies had shown that 15 years after quitting the habit, the risk of developing cancer is just 15-25% less among former smokers compared to current smokers.
- Genetic factors can play a role. Should one of your parents or a relative developed kidney cancer, your chances will increase to develop it.
- Some professions subject their workers to chemicals which can cause cancer. Employees exposed to cadmium and asbestos as well as steel workers exposed to coke oven gas, are at risk.
- Particularly among women, obesity places them at risk, whilst another increasing risk is hypertension (high blood pressure)
It is advisable to consult with your healthcare practitioner on a regular basis for a physical examination, when you are suspecting that you have one or other increased risk. For the prevention of diseases you have to stay healthy. Doing regular kidney cleanses might decrease your risk to develop kidney cancer.