Kidney cysts are formed in your kidneys and consist of pockets filled with fluid. There are two types of these disorders: multicystic kidney dysplasia and polycystic kidney disorder. These disorders can eventually result in kidney failure, although rare.
Regularly kidney damage or symptoms are not brought about by uncomplicated cysts. However, sometimes it can cause pain when they pressed against other organs.
It can also occur that cysts can start losing blood or become infected. Only in rare cases your kidney function can be harmed by such cysts. Patients with these cysts often suffer from high blood pressure. However, the correlation of cause and effect is not exactly understood.
These cysts are extremely small and are found in both the kidneys. These cysts can expand which can lead to kidney failure and can require dialysis.
It is possible that there can be hundreds of these cysts in both kidneys. This condition occurs during childhood.
- PKD (polycystic kidney disease)
This condition is a genetic disorder. Typically the various cysts in your kidneys become enlarged. These cysts can extremely enlarge your kidneys, whilst much of its normal construction is substituted. This can result in decreasing the function of the kidneys and can lead to kidney failure.
Exceptionally small cysts can be found in both your kidneys, whilst tiny kidney stones as well as kidney infections can occur, which can lead to pain. In general medullary sponge kidneys do not bring about kidney failure. These cysts may be found in normal functioning kidneys.
PKD (polycystic kidney disease) usually appear during adulthood and hundreds of these cysts may be discovered in each kidney.
Ultra-sonography and CT scans (computerized tomography) are used to find these kidney cysts. However, treatment is not required when these uncomplicated cysts don’t cause any problems.
Sometimes these types of cysts may cause symptoms which require treatment. In cases of large cysts, surgical intervention is needed.