The available options when it comes to treating kidney stones can range from natural therapies, such as vitamin supplements and juices to prescription drugs and in severe cases, surgery. Every patient is different, however when you suffer from this painful condition, you should find the type of treatment that is suitable for you.
- Treatment Options Regarding Kidney Stones
- Lifestyle and Diet Changes
It depends on the kind of kidney stones you are suffering from. Your medical professional may suggest a specific eating plan. If it is uric stones your physician may suggest a diet with low protein content, whilst people struggling with calcium stones may have to decrease their consumption of salt. In all kidney stone cases, appropriate hydration is of utmost importance. The kidneys are responsible to eliminate your body’s waste products and with dehydration, minerals can build up and may result in the formation of kidney stones.
- Traditional Treatment Options
Generally the doctor will recommend that you make lifestyle and diet changes, combined with a range of medical treatments, attempting to provide relief of the painful symptoms for kidney stone sufferers.
- Physical Treatment
In extreme cases, medical practitioners may suggest ESWL (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy) or ureteroscopy. This procedure breaks down the kidney stones which make it easier to pass them. Shock waves are used during ESWL-therapy to break down the kidney stones into smaller pieces, whilst still inside the urinary system.
With the ureteroscopy procedure, a small tube is placed inside your urinary tract by a surgeon. Afterwards instruments are inserted into this tube to break down the stones, physically. Sometimes the doctor will leave a stent in your ureter for a short time which can assist in passing the kidney stones.
Drugs to treat kidney stones can vary from pain killing medicine to the more potent drugs which can assist in dissolving the stones. The smaller stones can generally be dissolved in a natural way, whilst passing it can be very painful. However medical professionals usually prescribe some pain medicine to assist in reducing the suffering of a patient. Alpha-blockers such as Carduria, Flomax or Uroxatral may be prescribed by physicians. These medications widen and relax the ureters’ muscles which ease the passing of the stones. Patients suffering from recurrent stones can use their doctor’s prescribed medication to aid the body in fighting the condition.
The last option is surgical intervention which also poses to be the greatest risk. When the stones appear to be too large to dissolve, physicians may recommend surgery in an attempt to remove the stones before causing more damage to the kidneys. During a nephrolithotripsy procedure, a small incision will be made by the surgeon at the back after which the stone will be removed from your kidney. During open surgery, the surgeon will make an incision in either the side or stomach of the patient and remove the stone. However, nowadays this type of surgery is not done often.
Despite all the available treatment options or remedies for kidney stones, you will inevitably experience some days or even weeks of pain whilst waiting for the kidney stones to pass through your urinary tract.