The prostate gland, which is located below your bladder, where urine is stored, is approximately a walnut’s size. Your prostate gland forms a part of a man’s reproductive system. The function of this gland is to create fluid for semen. A man’s semen carries sperm during the ejaculation process.
What is the reason for the prostate gland to cause problems?
In the incidence of an enlarged prostate gland, it may obstruct the flow of your urine. Your prostate gland is wrapped around the urethra, a tube conveying urine from your bladder taking it to the penis’s tip. When the prostate gland is enlarged, it results in slowly squeezing the area in the urethra running through it, causing difficulty to urinate. An enlarged prostate gland is known as BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia).You can look at what does a kidney stone look like
Are prostate disorders common?
More than 50% of men older than 60 years, have enlarged prostate glands. As men are aging, their chances to develop an enlarged prostate will increase. At the age of 80, approximately 80% of men have enlarged prostate glands. Just about 50% of these men have symptoms caused by their prostate.
A prostate disorder: The Symptoms:
The following are the most ordinary symptoms associated with a prostate condition:
- A problem to start to urinate.
- The urinary stream is weak.
- More frequent urination or an urge to go urgently.
- A feeling of an inability to totally empty the bladder.
- Frequently urinating during the night.
- The urine stream stops and starts
A prostate condition: The diagnosis
A prostate condition is usually diagnosed due to the symptoms caused by it. The doctor will also conduct a physical examination known as a DRE (a digital rectal exam), whilst more tests can be performed measuring the urine flow. This can enable the doctor to determine to what extent your prostate is obstructing the urine stream.
An enlarged prostate: Does it means cancer?
The majority of men who experience a prostate condition, don’t have cancer. Prostate cancer may occur, but is more ordinary in older men. It is required that your doctor examine your prostate for any abnormal conditions or enlargement, especially as you are aging.
A prostate specific, antigen-test (PSA) is available. This test is used to measure a substance which escalates in your blood with the spreading of prostate cancer. The AUA (American Urologic Association) suggests an annual prostate exam for men older than 50 years. Men, like African Americans or those with a family background of this disorder, should start their annual prostate examinations at 40 years old. An ultrasound test can also reveal details regarding your prostate gland.
When should a prostate disorder be treated?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) only needs treatment in the following instances:
- The patient experience extreme and troublesome symptoms.
- When the urinary tract’s functions are severely affected.
- With other complications, like kidney infections, bleeding or
kidney damage.If the prostate is just enlarged, no treatment is required.
An enlarged prostate gland: The treatments
Under-mentioned are treatments which are available to treat an enlarged prostate which causes urine conditions:
Two kinds of medications are currently available for treating an
enlarged prostate gland. Alpha blockers, usually used to treat high
blood pressure assists in relaxing the prostate muscle tissue,
providing relief to a portion of the obstruction.
The other kind of medication shrunk the enlarged prostate, blocking
testosterone’s effect (male hormone) on the prostate. Some men
with enlarged prostates found above-mentioned medications helpful.
- Newer treatments:
Destroying enlarged prostate-tissue via high electric current levels
can be used. With thermal therapy, radiofrequency or microwave
energy is used to diminish the size of the gland. Saw palmetto, a
herbal extract, is effective to help reducing symptoms in certain
cases. However, at this stage doctors are still evaluating such newer
treatments. Therefore, long term benefits and risks must still be
established. Your medical practitioner will advise you which type of
treatment will be the most effective for you.
Presently it is the most acceptable procedure to treat an enlarged
prostate gland where extreme symptoms are experienced. During
the operation some enlarged tissue is removed to provide relieve
to the patient. More restricted kinds of surgery are also conducted
during which incisions are made into the prostate, rather than
Does prostate gland surgery affects sexual functioning?
Usually enlarged prostate surgery does not affect the sexual functioning of a man. Approximately 10-15% of men can experience problems to get erections after such surgery. Men may experience retrograde ejaculation, a problem which causes the semen to flow backwards into his bladder, while it should go outside via his urethra. This means that such a man will be unable to father children, whilst no other harm will be caused.
Who to consult with a prostate problem?
Consult with your general practitioner if you experience this problem. In turn, your doctor may recommend that you see a urologist (a specialist) regarding treatment and evaluation. Urologists have specialised training in the treatment of urinary tract disorders. Prostate gland disorders are the most general conditions which are treated by urologists