An enlarged kidney can be caused by various factors which can vary from cancer and infection to polycystic kidney disease and alcoholism! According to the results of conducted studies, it became clear that many patients can continue for years, not taking notice of an enlarged kidney.
A kidney of normal size can’t be detected by a physician conducting a physical examination. Such enlarged kidneys are usually discovered when doctors are conducting a prostate or pelvic examination or whilst treating some kidney disease symptoms.
- An enlarged kidney: The Causes
When you experience a burning sensation whilst urinating or pressure or pain in your bladder, it can be a signal of a Urinary Tract Infection. Such an UTI can lead to enlarged kidneys. The pain that you experience can be near your pelvis or over the bladder or in the region of your lower abdomen. However, men having an infection can experience pain in their urethra, whilst women will experience the pain near their vagina’s opening. When pain is experienced in your abdomen’s lower part, in general, it points to rapidly swelling kidneys.
However this pain may also start in your lower back and emits from within your abdomen in cases where one or both kidneys had became enlarged. At the stage where your kidney’s outer layers start to swell, you will experience a sharp pain which can result in nausea or vomiting. Extreme back pain may also be caused by kidney stones. Whenever a kidney stone becomes stuck, it can result in enlarged kidneys. This occurrence will cause severe pain that usually comes and goes like waves which can last for 30 to 60 minutes.
In cases where a patient rapidly gains weight, which is not linked to other factors, the swelling may be detected. As kidneys become enlarged and kidney failure sets in, the kidneys are incapable to process the fluids properly, it will be accumulated in your lower back, face, ankles and abdomen. Professionals in this field are of the opinion that kidney failure will set in when the fluid leaks into your body’s tissue.
This kind of organ swelling may also be caused by heart failure. As your heart’s pumping becomes weaker, the heart will send a sign to your kidneys to keep back fluids. However, in an advanced stage of liver disease, your liver can become swollen as it retains salts and fluids. A medical professional can rule out renal disease if such a swelling is confined as the whole body becomes affected by the retention of fluids.
- The diagnosis of this kind of kidney disorder
When changes occur in the pattern of your urination, a medical practitioner will examine your kidneys, looking for growths. When your kidney becomes incapable to handle the heightened level of fluid which is retained or the consumption of fluid caused by caffeine or alcohol, your kidneys will become swollen. When this happens it will lead to more frequent urination than usual.
However, different kinds of diabetes may also cause more frequent urination and harms your kidneys. Whilst a persistent need to urinate especially during the night time, is fairly customary in older patients, it generally will be a sign of the onset of kidney disorders. Enlarged kidneys are a side effect of nocturia, a need to urinate frequently during the night. When symptoms like hematuria (presence of blood in urine) occur, a doctor will examine you for the signs associated with kidney enlargement.